Kristin Holvik

Researcher, Ph.D.


Department of chronic diseases and ageing, Norwegian Institute of Public Health

Areas of interest:

Nutritional factors and hip fractures



Basic profession

Clinical nutritionist/Registered dietitian

Academic degrees

Ph.D., University of Oslo, 2008
Cand. scient. [M.Sci.], University of Oslo, 2003


Vitamin D deficiency, alterations in the vitamin D endocrine system and bone mineral density in ethnic groups in Oslo, Norway. (2008)

Professional experience

Senior Researcher, Norwegian Institute of Public Health. 2014-
Post Doc, University of Bergen. 2010-2013
Researcher, Diakonhjemmet hospital, surgical department, Unit for elderly with fractures. 2008-2013
Research fellow, University of Oslo. 2004-2008


Panel on Nutrition, Dietetic Products, Novel Food and Allergy, Norwegian Scientific Committee for Food Safety (VKM), 2014-current.
Norwegian Epidemiological Association (NOFE), 2016-2018.
Chair, Norwegian Association of Nutritionists, 2005-2007. Board member 2003-2005.
Elected member of the Institute Council, Institute of General Practice and Community Medicine, University of Oslo, 2004-2007.


Young Investigator Award for abstract submitted to the scientific meeting: Contemporary Diagnosis and Treatment of Vitamin D Related Disorders, American Society for Bone and Mineral Research, Arlington, Virginia, USA, December 2006.

Dissemination (updated July 2019)

Scientific dissemination: 50 published peer-reviewed scientific papers in 34 different journals within the fields of biology/medicine and epidemiology, of which 43 in international journals with PubMed ID, and 7 in non-indexed journals. First author of 12 scientific papers and senior author of 5 scientific papers. 23 published scientific abstracts as first author. Oral presentations at 19 national or international congresses; poster presentations at 11 international congresses. Regular lecturer in 10 different courses at the undergraduate and graduate level for students in various health disciplines.

Popular dissemination: 13 popular scientific articles in periodicals published by e.g. the Norwegian Osteoporosis Society, the Swedish Nutrition Foundation, the Norwegian National Society for Diet and Health, and the website of the Norwegian Institute of Public Health ( 20 invited popular scientific talks for researchers, health professionals, teachers, and patients, in topics related to vitamin D, osteoporosis, nutrition and epidemiology.

Peer review (alphabetical order)

Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica; Aging; American Journal of Perinatology; Annals of Medicine; Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics; Archives of Osteoporosis; Beverages; BMC Medicine; BMC Public Health; BMJ; BMJ Open; BONE; British Journal of Nutrition; Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology and Physiology; Clinical Epidemiology; Clinical Interventions in Aging; Diabetic Medicine; Disability and Rehabilitation; European Journal of Clinical Nutrition; Food and Nutrition Research; International Journal of Clinical Practice; International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health; International Journal of Molecular Sciences; Journal of Aging and Health; Journal of Bone and Mineral Research; Journal of Clinical Medicine; Journal of Environmental and Public Health; Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology; Journal of the American College of Nutrition; Journal of the Norwegian Medical Association; Journal of Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management; Norwegian Journal of Epidemiology; Norwegian Journal of Nutrition; Nutrients; Nutrire; Nutrition Journal; Occupational and Environmental Medicine; Oncotarget; Open Access Journal of Sports Medicine; Osteoporosis International; PLOS ONE; Public Health Nutrition; Scandinavian Journal of Public Health; Scientific Reports; Sports



Publications in PubMed

Publications in Google Scholar

Publications in CRISTIN (Current Research Information System in Norway)

  • Itkonen ST, Andersen R, Björk AK, Brugård Konde Å, Eneroth H, Erkkola M, Holvik K, Madar AA, Meyer HE, Tetens I, Torfadóttir JE, Thórisdóttir B, Lamberg-Allardt CJE. Vitamin D status and current policies to achieve adequate vitamin D intake in the Nordic countries. Scand J Public Health 2020 Jan 9

  • Solbakken SM, Magnus JH, Meyer HE, Dahl C, Stigum H, Søgaard AJ, Holvik K, Tell GS, Emaus N, Forsmo S, Gjesdal CG, Schei B, Vestergaard P, Omsland TK. Urban-Rural Differences in Hip Fracture Mortality: A Nationwide NOREPOS Study. JBMR Plus 2019;3(11):e10236.

  • Søgaard AJ, Magnus JH, Bjørnerem Å, Holvik K, Ranhoff AH, Emaus N, Meyer HE, Strand BH. Grip strength in men and women aged 50-79 years is associated with non-vertebral osteoporotic fracture during 15 years follow-up: The Tromsø Study 1994-1995. Osteoporos Int 2019 Oct 25 [Epub ahead of print]

  • Meyer HE, Johansson L, Eggen AL, Johansen H, Holvik K. Sodium and potassium intake assessed by spot and 24-hour urine in the population-based Tromsø Study 2015-2016. Nutrients 2019;11(7).

  • Myhre JB, Andersen LF, Holvik K, Astrup H, Kristiansen AL. Means of increasing response rates in a Norwegian dietary survey among infants – results from a pseudo-randomized pilot study. BMC Med Res Methodol 2019; 19:144

  • Meyer HE, Willett WC, Fung TT, Holvik K, Feskanich D. Association of High Intakes of Vitamins B6 and B12 From Food and Supplements With Risk of Hip Fracture Among Postmenopausal Women in the Nurses’ Health Study. JAMA Netw Open 2019; 2(5):e193591.

  • Ohm E, Holvik K, Madsen C, Alver K, Lund J. Incidence of injuries in Norway: linking primary and secondary care data. Scand J Public Health 2019 Apr 11 [Epub ahead of print]

  • Holvik K, Meyer HE, Madar AA, Brustad M. High-dosage vitamin D supplements are unnecessary. Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen 2019;139(7).

  • Holvik K, Meyer HE, Laake I, Feskanich D, Omsland TK, Søgaard AJ. Milk drinking and risk of hip fracture. The Norwegian Epidemiologic Osteoporosis Studies (NOREPOS). Br J Nutr 2019;121(6):709-718

  • Hauger AV, Bergland A, Holvik K, Ståhle A, Emaus N, Strand BH. Osteoporosis and osteopenia in the distal forearm predict all-cause mortality independent of grip strength: 22 year follow-up in the population-based Tromsø Study. Osteoporos Int 2018;29:2447-2456.

  • Søgaard AJ, Ranhoff AH, Meyer HE, Omsland TK, Nystad W, Tell GS, Holvik K. The association between alcohol consumption and risk of hip fracture differs by age and gender in Cohort of Norway. A NOREPOS study. Osteoporos Int 2018; 29): 2457-2467.

  • Parr CL, Magnus MC, Karlstad Ø, Holvik K, Lund-Blix NA, Haugen M, Page CM, Nafstad P, Ueland PM, London SJ, Håberg SE, Nystad W. Vitamin A and D intake in pregnancy, infant supplementation and asthma development: the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort. Am J Clin Nutr 2018; 107(5): 789-798.

  • Riska BS, Forsén L, Omsland TK, Søgaard AJ, Meyer HE, Holvik K. Does the association of comorbidity with 1-year mortality after hip fracture differ according to gender? The Norwegian Epidemiologic Osteoporosis Studies (NOREPOS). J Am Geriatr Soc 2018; 66(3): 553-558

  • Solbakken SM, Meyer HE, Stigum H, Søgaard AJ, Holvik K, Magnus JH, Omsland TK. Excess mortality following hip fracture: impact of self-perceived health, smoking, and body mass index. A NOREPOS study. Osteoporos Int 2017;28: 881-887

  • Søgaard AJ, Holvik K, Omsland TK, Tell GS, Dahl C, Schei B, Meyer HE. Age and Sex Differences in Body Mass Index as a Predictor of Hip Fracture: A NOREPOS Study.
    Am J Epidemiol 2016; 184(7):510-519

  • Suderman M, Stene LC, Bohlin J, Page CM, Holvik K, Parr CL, Magnus MC, Håberg SE, Joubert BR, Wu MC, London SJ, Relton C, Nystad W. 25-hydroxyvitamin D in pregnancy and genome wide cord blood DNA methylation in two pregnancy cohorts (MoBa and ALSPAC). J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol 2016;159:102-9

  • Meltzer HM, Holvik K, Holven KB, Løvik M. Risk assessment of beta-carotene in food supplements. European Journal of Nutrition and Food Safety 2016; 6(2): 79-82

  • Søgaard AJ, Holvik K, Meyer HE, Tell GS, Gjesdal CG, Emaus N, Grimnes G, Schei B, Forsmo S, Omsland TK. Continued decline in hip fracture incidence in Norway: A NOREPOS study. Osteoporos Int 2016; 27:2217-22.

  • Martinsen MI, Valland H, Solheim LF, Holvik K, Ranhoff A. A restrictive policy for red blood cell transfusion in older hip fracture patients: experiences from a patient register. BMC Res Notes 2016 Feb 9;9(1):75.

  • Finnes TE, Lofthus CM, Grimnes G, Apalset E, Gjesdal CG, Søgaard AJ, Tell GS, Schei B, Blomhoff R, Samuelsen SO, Meyer HE, Holvik K. A combination of low serum concentrations of vitamins K1 and D is associated with increased risk of hip fractures in elderly Norwegians: a NOREPOS study. Osteoporos Int 2015 Dec 2 [Epub ahead of print]

  • Nerhus M, Berg AO, Dahl SR, Holvik K, Gardsjord ES, Weibell MA, Bjella TD, Andreassen OA, Melle I. Vitamin D status in psychotic disorder patients and healthy controls – The influence of ethnic background. Psychiatry Res 2015; 230(2):616-21

  • Holvik K, Ahmed LA, Forsmo S, Gjesdal CG, Grimnes G, Samuelsen SO, Schei B, Blomhoff R, Tell GS, Meyer HE. No increase in risk of hip fracture at high serum retinol concentrations in community- dwelling older Norwegians: the Norwegian Epidemiologic Osteoporosis Studies. Am J Clin Nutr 2015;102 [in proof]. doi: 10.3945/ajcn.115.110528.

  • Dahl C, Søgaard AJ, Tell GS, Forsén L, Flaten TP, Hongve D, Omsland TK, Holvik K, Meyer HE, Aamodt G. Population data on calcium in drinking water and hip fracture: An association may depend on other minerals in water. A NOREPOS study. Bone 2015 Jul 17; 81: 292-299 [Epub ahead of print]

  • Omsland TK, Eisman JA, Næss Ø, Center JR, Gjesdal CG, Tell GS, Emaus N, Meyer HE, Søgaard AJ, Holvik K, Schei B, Forsmo S, Magnus J. Educational inequalities in post hip fracture mortality. A NOREPOS study. J Bone Miner Res 2015 Jun 17 [Epub ahead of print]

  • Cashman KD, Dowling K, Škrabáková Z, Kiely M, Lamberg-Allardt C, Durazo-Arvizu RA, Sempos CT, Koskinen S, Lundqvist A, Sundvall J, Linneberg A, Thuesen B, Husemoen LL, Meyer HE, Holvik K, Grønborg IM, Tetens I, Andersen R. Standardizing serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D data from four Nordic population samples using the Vitamin D Standardization Program protocols: Shedding new light on vitamin D status in Nordic individuals. Scand J Clin Lab Invest 2015; 75 (7) :549-61.

  • Meyer HE, Holvik K, Lips P. Should vitamin D supplements be recommended to prevent chronic diseases? BMJ 2015; 350: h321

  • Søgaard AJ, Holvik K, Omsland TK, Tell GS, Dahl C, Schei B, Falch JA, Eisman JA, Meyer HE. Abdominal obesity increases the risk of hip fracture. A population-based study of 43,000 women and men aged 60-79 years followed for 8 years. Cohort of Norway. J Intern Med 2015; 277(3): 306-17.

  • Solbakken SM, Magnus JH, Meyer HE, Emaus N, Tell GS, Holvik K, Grimnes G, Forsmo S, Schei B, Søgaard AJ, Omsland TK. Impact of comorbidity, age, and gender on seasonal variation in hip fracture incidence. A NOREPOS study. Arch Osteoporos 2014;9(1):191

  • Holvik K, Gjesdal CG, Tell GS, Grimnes G, Schei B, Apalset EM, Samuelsen SO, Blomhoff R, Michaëlsson K, Meyer HE. Low serum concentrations of alpha-tocopherol are associated with increased risk of hip fracture. A NOREPOS study. Osteoporos Int 2014; 25: 2545-54

  • Holvik K, van Schoor N, Eekhoff EM, Den Heijer M, Deeg DJ, Lips P, De Jongh R. Plasma osteocalcin levels as a predictor for cardiovascular disease in older men and women: A population-based cohort study. Eur J Endocrinol 2014;171(2):161-70

  • Finnes TE, Lofthus CM, Meyer HE, Eriksen EF, Apalset EM, Tell GS, Torjesen P, Samuelsen SO, Holvik K. Procollagen type 1 Amino-terminal Propeptide (P1NP) and risk of hip fractures in elderly Norwegian men and women. A NOREPOS study. Bone 2014;64:1-7

  • Omsland TK, Emaus N, Tell GS, Magnus JH, Ahmed LA, Holvik K, Center J, Forsmo S, Gjesdal CG, Schei B, Vestergaard P, Eisman JA, Falch JA, Tverdal A, Søgaard AJ, Meyer HE. Mortality following the first hip fracture in Norwegian women and men 1999-2008. A NOREPOS study. Bone 2014;63:81-6

  • Dahl C, Søgaard AJ, Tell GS, Flaten TP, Hongve D, Omsland TK, Holvik K, Meyer HE, Aamodt G. Do cadmium, lead and aluminum in drinking water increase the risk of hip fractures? A NOREPOS study. Biol Trace Elem Res 2014;157:14-23

  • Viken H, Søyland E, Holvik K, Preus HR. Vitamin D og periodontitt [Vitamin D and periodontitis]. Nor Tannlegeforen Tid 2013;123:248-52

  • Dahl C, Søgaard AJ, Tell GS, Flaten TP, Hongve D, Omsland TK, Holvik K, Meyer HE, Aamodt G. Nationwide data on municipal drinking water and hip fracture: Could calcium and magnesium be protective? A NOREPOS study. Bone 2013;57:84-91

  • Holvik K, Ahmed LA, Forsmo S, Gjesdal CG, Grimnes G, Samuelsen SO, Schei B, Blomhoff R, Tell GS, Meyer HE. Low serum levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin D predict hip fracture in the elderly: A NOREPOS study. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2013;98:3341-50

  • Omsland TK, Holvik K, Meyer HE, Center JR, Emaus N, Tell GS, Schei B, Tverdal A, Gjesdal CG, Grimnes G, Forsmo S, Eisman JA, Søgaard AJ: Hip fractures in Norway 1999–2008: time trends in total incidence and second hip fracture rates. A NOREPOS study. Eur J Epidemiol 2012;27:807-14

  • Holvik K, Madar AA, Meyer HE, Lofthus CM, Stene LC: Changes in the vitamin D endocrine system and bone turnover after oral vitamin D3 supplementation in healthy adults: Results of a randomised trial. BMC Endocr Disord 2012, 12:7

  • Holvik K, Ranhoff AH, Martinsen MI, Solheim LF: Predictors of Mortality in Older Hip Fracture Inpatients Admitted to an Orthogeriatric Unit in Oslo, Norway. J Aging Health 2010;22:1114-31

  • Ranhoff AH, Holvik K, Martinsen MI, Domaas K, Solheim LF: Older hip fracture patients: Three groups with different needs. BMC Geriatr 2010 Sep 18:10(1):65

  • Holvik K, Brunvand L, Brustad M, Meyer HE: Vitamin D status in the Norwegian population. In: Solar Radiation and Human Health. Oslo: The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters, 2008: 216-28

  • Meyer HE, Holvik K, Lofthus CM, Tennakoon SUB: Vitamin D status in Sri Lankans living in Sri Lanka and Norway. Br J Nutr 2008; 99: 941-4

  • Holvik K, Meyer HE, Søgaard AJ, Haug E, Falch JA: Pakistanis living in Oslo have lower serum 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D levels but higher serum ionized calcium levels compared with ethnic Norwegians. The Oslo Health Study. BMC Endocr Disord 2007; 7: 9

  • Holvik K, Madar A, Meyer HE, Lofthus CM, Stene LC: A randomised comparison of increase in serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentration after four weeks of daily oral intake of 10 µg cholecalciferol from multivitamin tablets or fish oil capsules in healthy young adults. Br J Nutr 2007,98:620-5

  • Holvik K, Meyer HE, Søgaard AJ, Selmer R, Haug E, Falch JA: Biochemical markers of bone turnover and their relation to forearm bone mineral density in persons with Pakistani and Norwegian background living in Oslo, Norway. The Oslo Health Study. Eur J Endocrinol 2006;155:693-9

  • Alvær K, Holvik K, Søgaard AJ, Falch JA, Meyer HE: Vitamin D deficiency, secondary hyperparathyroidism and bone mineral density in Pakistani and Norwegians living in Oslo, Norway. Nor J Epidemiol 2006; 16:111-7

  • Holvik K, Meyer HE, Haug E, Brunvand L: Prevalence and predictors of vitamin D deficiency in five immigrant groups living in Oslo, Norway: the Oslo Immigrant Health Study. Eur J Clin Nutr 2005;59:57-63

  • Holvik K, Meyer HE: The association between caffeine intake and forearm bone mineral density in postmenopausal women: The Oslo Health Study. Nor J Epidemiol 2003; 13: 177-83

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